CURRENT STATUS OF BACTERIAL SPOT OF STONE FRUITS AND ALMOND CAUSED BY XANTHOMONAS ARBORICOLA pv. PRUNI IN SPAIN

M. Roselló, R. Santiago, A. Palacio-Bielsa, F. García-Figueres, C. Montón, M.A. Cambra, M.M. López

Abstract


In 2002, typical symptoms of bacterial spot disease of stone fruits caused by Xanthomomas arboricola pv. pruni (Xap) were observed for the first time on Japanese plum in Badajoz (south-western Spain). During the following years, the pathogen was found in seven other eastern and northern Spanish provinces (Valencia, Alicante, Zaragoza, Huesca, Navarra, Lérida and Mallorca) affecting different cultivars of Japanese plum, nectarine, peach and almond. There are few previous reports of Xap on almond, the Spanish outbreaks constituting its first detection on this host in the European Union (EU). Identification of the pathogen was performed using biochemical tests, fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) profiles, conventional and real-time PCR, and hypersensitivity reaction on tobacco leaves. Pathogenicity was demonstrated by inoculation of young potted plants of peach, plum or almond and successful re-isolations from plants with symptoms. In areas where infected plants were found, eradication programs were set up since Xap has a quarantine status according to phytosanitary EU legislation.

Keywords


symptomatology; biochemical tests; FAME; PCR; inoculation; diagnosis

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4454/jpp.v94i1sup.004

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EDIZIONI ETS, Pisa, Italy