FIRST REPORT OF FIG MOSAIC VIRUS, FIG LEAF MOTTLE- ASSOCIATED VIRUS 1 AND FIG MILD MOTTLE-ASSOCIATED VIRUS INFECTING FIG (Ficus carica) IN MONTENEGRO

T. Perović1, S. Hrnčić, M. Čizmović, B. Lolić, G. Đurić, D. Delić

Abstract


In Montenegro more than 200 000 fig trees are registered with an annual production of about 4000 t. A survey was conducted on fig trees of different varieties, located in a commercial orchard in Podgorica and a germplasm collection located in Bar, Montenegro, to assess the presence of five fig viruses i.e. Fig mosaic virus (FMV), Fig leaf mottle-associated virus 1 and 2 (FLMaV-1 and -2), Fig latent virus 1 (FLV-1) and Fig mild mottle-associated virus (FMMaV). In May 2015, leaf samples were taken from 21 fig trees showing leaf discolorations, vein clearing, ring spots, leaf distortion and mosaic symptoms. Total RNA was extracted using RNeasy Plant Mini Kit (QIAGEN) and tested by RT-PCR using virus-specific primers (Elbeaino et al., 2006, 2009, 2010). RT-PCR results showed infections with FMV (9 of 21 samples tested), FLMaV-1 (18 of 21) and FMMaV (2 of 21), whereas FLMaV-2 and FLV-1 were not detected. FMMaV was identified only in samples from Bar in mixed infection with FMV and FLMaV-1. Nucleotides sequence analyses of PCR amplicons obtained (GenBank accession Nos. KU198374-KU198377, KU198383-KU198389) revealed that at the nucleotide level, FMV, FLMaV-1 and FMMaV isolates from Montenegro shared 86-95%, 93-95% and 84- 95% identity, respectively with homologues in the GenBank. To our knowledge, this is the first report of FMV, FLMaV-1 and FMMaV in fig trees in Montenegro. In the future, an extensive survey on more samples could allow a better evaluation of the sanitary status of this crop in the country.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4454/JPP.V98I3.066

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