FIRST REPORT OF ‘CANDIDATUS PHYTOPLASMA ASTERIS’ (GROUP 16SrI-B) INFECTING SWEET CHERRIES IN TURKEY

K. Çaglayan, M. Gazel, C. Küçükgöl, S. Paltrineri, N. Contaldo, A. Bertaccini

Abstract


Five-year-old sweet cherry (Prunus avium L.) trees, ex- hibiting symptoms typical of phytoplasma diseases were observed in the Turkish province of Usak during 2011. The percentage of symptomatic plants, scattered in the orchards, was nearly 40%. Samples were collected during late spring and early summer from trees showing proliferation of branch- es, off season flowering and decline. In order to establish phytoplasma association with these symptoms, nucleic acid was extracted from leaf midribs of 10 symptomatic and five symptomless plants. Nested PCR assays using universal phy- toplasma primers P1/P7 followed by R16F2n/R2 and by 16R758f/16R1232r (Duduk et al., 2013) provided positive responses for seven of the symptomatic samples. Restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis was per- formed on PCR products using restriction enzymes Tsp509I, Tru1I and AluI. Preliminary RFLP identification was con- firmed by nested PCR assays with primers R16(I)F1/R1 (Lee et al., 1994) followed by RFLP analysis, that allowed phyto- plasma classification in the 16SrI-B subgroup. Since all am- plicons showed identical restriction profile, according to the enzymes and primers employed, one of them was sequenced in both directions using primers R16(I)F1 and R16(I)R1. The 1,006 nucleotide long sequence, deposited in GenBank under the accession No. KF476062, showed 99.0% identity with 16S rDNA from several phytoplasmas related to ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris’, including strains associated with cherry little leaf (GenBank AY034089) and cherry bunchy leaf (Gen- Bank HM067754), that are affiliated to a different 16SrI sub- group (Jomantiene et al., 2011). This is the first report of ‘Ca. P. asteris’ infecting sweet cherries in Turkey.

Full Text:

PDF


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4454/JPP.V95I4.021

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


EDIZIONI ETS, Pisa, Italy