DIFFERENTIAL EXPRESSION OF TIR-LIKE GENES EMBEDDED IN THE MI-1 GENE CLUSTER IN NEMATODE-RESISTANT AND –SUSCEPTIBLE TOMATO ROOTS

A. Seifi, R.G.F. Visser, Y. Bai

Abstract


Transport inhibitor 1 (TIR1) is an auxin receptor that plays a pivotal role in auxin signaling. It has been reported that TIR-like genes are present in a gene cluster carrying the Mi-1 gene which confers resistance to nematodes, aphids and whiteflies. Since auxin is involved in the pathogenicity of tumor-inducing pathogens like nematodes, the co-localization of TIR-like genes with the Mi-1 gene may imply a role for TIR-like genes in the resistance conferred by the Mi-1 gene. In this study, we monitored the TIR-like transcript abundance (TTA) in both roots and leaves of nematode-resistant and –susceptible tomato lines. Our results demonstrate that TTA in roots, but not in leaves, was lower in nematode-resistant tomatoes than that in nematode-susceptible ones. In order to test whether the TIR-like genes are involved in nematode resistance mediated by the Mi-1 gene, we transiently silenced the Mi-1 gene homologues in a nematode-resistant tomato line and then measured TTA. Results showed that knocking down the expression of the Mi-1 gene homologues had no effect on TTA, therefore, we concluded that involvement of TIR-like genes in the response of tomato roots to nematodes is probably independent of the Mi-1 gene homologues. Further, we propose a possible explanation for the association between TTA and resistance to root-knot nematodes in tomato.

Keywords


Auxin; nematodes; transport inhibitor response gene; resistence; gene silencing

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4454/jpp.v93i3.3653

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EDIZIONI ETS, Pisa, Italy