GENETIC VARIABILITY OF STOLBUR PHYTOPLASMA IN ANNUAL CROP AND WILD PLANT SPECIES IN SOUTH MORAVIA

R. Fialová, P. Válová, G. Balakishiyeva, J.-L. Danet, D. Šafárová, X. Foissac, M. Navrátil

Abstract


The genetic diversity of stolbur phytoplasma isolates was assessed by different molecular typing methods in a wide range of plant hosts in a limited geographical area of the Czech Republic. Plants of Apium graveolens, Capsicum annuum, Solanum lycopersicum, Solanum tuberosum, Amaranthus retroflexus, Calystegia sepium, Cirsium arvense, Convolvulus arvensis, and Datura stramonium displaying symptoms of proliferation, discoloration, and malformation of flower were collected in vegetable crop plots in the vicinity of the village of Lednice (south Moravia) and examined for the presence of phytoplasmas. Using 16S rDNA amplification and RFLP assays, stolbur phytoplasma was detected in some of the symptomatic plants. The genotype of the phytoplasma isolates detected was investigated by restriction pattern or sequence analysis of two non-ribosomal house-keeping genes (tuf and secY) and a recently characterized polymorphic gene (vmp1). According to tuf genotyping, all isolates were of the tufAY-b genotype sensu Langer and Maixner (2004), a genotype known to be associated with bindweed (C. arvensis) reservoirs. A finer isolate differentiation was obtained with vmp1 genotyping as four genetic variants carrying different vmp1 RFLP patterns were found, especially in C. arvensis. In addition, preliminary sampling in other south Moravian localities and secY sequence analyses diclosed also the presence of stolbur isolates different from those previously reported in binweed (C. arvensis) and grapevine.

Keywords


stolbur disease; non-ribosomal DNA; vmp1 gene; tuf gene; secY gene; PCR; RFLP

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4454/jpp.v91i2.971

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