INCIDENCE OF VIRUSES ON AUTOCHTHONOUS AND INTRODUCED OLIVE VARIETIES IN CROATIAN ISTRIA DETECTED BY THREE DIAGNOSTIC TECHNIQUES
S. Godena, F. Faggioli, M. Luigi, M. Saponari, G. Loconsole, D. Vončina, E. Đermić
A survey on viruses infecting olive trees was performed in Croatian Istria. Major olive viruses were detected using molecular (RT-PCR), biological (bioassay on indicator plants) and serological (DAS-ELISA) diagnostic techniques. Specifically, fifteen olive varieties from a total of 62 olive trees have been tested for the presence of eight viruses. Cherry leaf roll virus (CLRV), Strawberry latent ring spot virus (SLRSV) and Olive latent virus-1 (OLV-1) were detected by one-step RT-PCR in ten autochthonous and five introduced olive varieties. The most frequent found was CLRV, detected in 11.3% of tested trees both in autochthonous and in introduced varieties, while OLV-1 and SLRSV were detected only in autochthonous varieties and in lower incidence. In order to confirm the results obtained by one-step RT-PCR, inocula prepared from the flowers were used for inoculation of herbaceous indicator plants. Symptoms on herbaceous hosts were monitored and CLRV and SLRSV were detected by DAS-ELISA, confirming the results of molecular test. The most successful mechanical transmission was on Chenopodium quinoa, while the most evident symptoms were observed on Cucumis sativus L. cv. Sunčani potok plants.